St Louis Police Veteran's Association City of St Louis Metropolitan Police Department City of Saint Louis Missouri Photo of Forensics Laboratory Building City of Saint Louis Police Department 1222 Clark City of Saint Louis Missouri
The Saint Louis Police Department's Forensics Laboratory Building
opened April 1, 2005
A $7.5 million, 28,500-square-foot forensics laboratory housed in a three-story structure .
The first level of the building will have a secure parking garage with a designated area to process vehicles used in criminal activity .
The second level will have the main laboratory functions, including serology, DNA, trace and chemistry labs .
Administrative offices, a photo lab and firearms testing will be on the third level .
Replacing a 9,700-square-foot lab on the third floor of police headquarters that had been last updated in 1972 .
The Police Laboratory was originally known as the Research Bureau .
Before the modern line up room, the City of Saint Louis Police Department in 1923 created a Shadow Box .
This was a 12 foot by 5 foot box costing $90.00, in which the suspects would stand inside .
A spotlight was used to illuminate the faces of the suspects when viewed by the victims or witnesses .
The City of Saint Louis Police Department was the first police department in the United States
to use fingerprints as a means of criminal identification .
The first fingerprints were taken August 6, 1904 of May Hollis of Memphis Tennessee
who turned out to be wanted by the police .
On October 29, 2004 established the Police Fingerprinting Bureau .
The second set of prints were taken from one Edward Cotton, a burglar, who stated
"I guess I will just have to cut my fingers off" .
On October 16, 1970 the Evidence Technician Unit became operational .
Prior to 1970 the police officer had to wait for a fingerprint man and a photographer .
Under the ETU program, crime scene coverage was expanded to improve evidence collection .
The ETU Police Officers do both jobs, are available at peak hours, and they get to the scene quickly,
returning the patrol police officer to his regular duties .
Manned by uniformed evidence technician,the Evidence Technician Unit was one of the most successful programs the
Saint Louis Police Department had with federal funds .
The Saint Louis Police Officers of the Evidence Technician Unit were trained in
crime scene searches, finding and recovering latent fingerprints,
collecting, identifying and preserving physical evidence, removing imbedded bullets,
photography principles, charting techniques, firearms and tool mark identification,
safe burglary, metallurgy and number restoration, soil and minerals,
hair and fiber analysis, bombs, forensic pathology and autopsy procedures,
toxicology and chemistry examinations, serology examinations and
introducing physical evidence in court .
In 1970 the Evidence Technician Unit vans are on the streets 24 hours a day
In 1970 Police Officer James Ramsey brushes it away in searh of latent fingerprints on a safe job .